Pregnancy Risks You Should Know About
Pregnancy puts a woman into a tangible position. The women body take care of not one but two living beings. Where one body is so sensitive and asks for so much care that, one minor mistake can hurt the fetus growing inside the mother’s body. That’s why expecting ladies should take care of their as well as their baby very carefully. Here are some of the reasons which can cause hindrances in the health of both the mother and the baby.
- Existing Health Conditions
1.Even though high blood pressure can be risky for mother and fetus, many women with high blood pressure have healthy pregnancies and healthy children. Uncontrolled high blood pressure, however, can lead to damage to the mother’s kidneys and increases the risk for low birth weight.
2. It is important for women with diabetes to manage their blood sugar levels before getting pregnant. High blood sugar levels can cause birth defects during the first few weeks of pregnancy, often before women even know they are pregnant.
3. Women with kidney disease often have difficulty getting pregnant, and any pregnancy is at significant risk for miscarriage. Pregnant women with kidney disease require additional treatments, changes in diet and medication, and frequent visits to their healthcare provider.
4. Autoimmune diseases include conditions such as lupus and multiple sclerosis. Some autoimmune diseases can increase a women’s risk for problems during pregnancy.
Pregnant teens are more likely to develop high blood pressure and anaemia (lack of healthy red blood cells) and go into labour earlier than women who are older. Teens also may be exposed to a sexually transmitted disease or infection that could affect their pregnancy.Teens may be less likely to get prenatal care or to make ongoing appointments with health care providers during the pregnancy to evaluate risks, ensure they are staying healthy, and understand what medications and drugs they can use.
Older first-time mothers may have normal pregnancies, but research indicates that these women are at increased risk of having.
- Lifestyle Factors
-Alcohol consumed during pregnancy passes directly to the fetus through the umbilical cord. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that women avoid alcoholic beverages during pregnancy or when they are trying to get pregnant.
-Smoking during pregnancy puts the fetus at risk for preterm birth, certain birth defects, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Secondhand smoke also puts a woman and her developing fetus at increased risk for health problems.
- Conditions of Pregnancy
Pregnancy with twins, triplets, or more, referred to as multiple gestations, increases the risk of infants being born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy). Having infants after age 30 and taking fertility drugs both have been associated with multiple births. Having three or more infants increases the chance that a woman will need to have the infants delivered by cesarean section.
Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM, or diabetes during pregnancy, is diabetes that first develops when a woman is pregnant.